Johari Window

The Johari Window is a psychological tool developed by Luft & Ingham (1955) which helps us develop self-awareness, better understand how others perceive us and how we present ourselves to the world.

The four paned window suggests that there are things which we know and things that we do not know about ourselves. There are also things that other people know about us and do not know about us.  

Open Self – information about e.g. your attitude, skills, emotions, behaviour, that both you and the people around you are aware of.

Blind Self – your ‘blind spot’ which we all have to some degree; information about ourselves we are unaware of.  Feedback from others will help us understand how we are perceived by them.

Hidden Self – information you know about yourself but choose not to share with others.

Unknown Self – an area to be explored through self-development/being open to challenge and change.

If you want to better understand yourself and your relationship with others, then the Johari Window could be a useful tool to include in your approach.

  1. Provide structure and prompt personal reflection or a 1:1 discussion with a trusted friend/coach.
  2. Use within professional group exercises to inspire more open communication and a stronger connection within teams.

The Johari Window could also be used to explore personal strengths – identifying strengths that align with each of the four panes and using 360 feedback from peers/colleagues to better understand the strengths others see in us, as well as areas for potential development.  

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